Kumade Japanese Good Luck Charm

Bold Japanese kumade stand out among other traditional Japanese crafts. Indeed, these Japanese packed with kumade decorations easily catch the eye. The Japanese term “wabi sabi,” which refers to the Japanese view of aesthetics: appreciation for simplicity, modesty, and imperfection. Many well-known Japanese designs such as withered old tea houses, traditional textiles, and naturally glazed pottery often reflect wabi sabi aesthetics. But, when it comes to kumade decorations relating to prosperity and fortune, simplicity is thrown out the window, and the “more is better” mentality takes over. After all, everybody wants all the luck they can get, right? One of the best “more is better” design examples is the kumade which features a dazzling array of Japanese lucky charms.

What Are Kumade?

Kumade are bamboo rakes. Yes, rakes like those you use on the leaves, but smaller and just for decoration. They represent “raking in” heaps of success, wealth, and good luck, so many business owners, purchase kumade around this time of year. These extravagant decorations come in different sizes, adornments, and prices. Handheld size Kumade are around 1,000 yen to 2,000 yen, but larger ones range from 10,000 yen to 50,000 yen, or even more.

Let’s look at some designs, kumade decorations, and the meaning of these Japanese lucky charms. Here are 7 examples of common kumade decorations.

Big Japanese Kumade
A large Kumade is full of good luck symbols. The larger they are the more expensive they get.

Common Kumade Decoration 1: Seven Lucky Gods

The Seven Lucky Gods represent different types of luck, such as good health, longevity, wealth, knowledge, happiness, art, and beauty. Included in the Japanese Seven Lucky Gods are Ebisu, Hotei, Benzaiten, Bishamonten, Daikokuten, Jurōjin, and Fukurokuju. Belief in the Seven Lucky Gods started back in Japan’s Muromachi period. Eventually it was spread throughot the Japanese culture during the Edo period.

Common Kumade Decoration 2: The Lucky Mallet

The Lucky Mallet on the kumade appears in the story of “Issun Boshi” (One Inch Boy). In the tale, the golden lucky mallet grants a one-inch-tall boy’s wishes. With a swing of the lucky hammer, he was able to grow to about 6 feet tall and conjure food and fortune.

Otafuku Japanese Kumade
Here you can see Otafuku (Goddess of Mirth), a smiling white face which brings in good fortune.

Common Kumade Decoration 3: Rice Barrels

Rice barrels are for a good harvest season. As an important staple of the Japanese diet, rice has been treated with respect throughout history. As a result, festivals and symbols have been created in its honor and to pray for a good harvest season. Barrels of Japanese sake, which uses rice, are also common kumade decorations.

Common Kumade Decoration 4: Koban

Koban (Japanese oval gold coin) symbolize, of course, money and fortune. This coin became a form of currency during the Edo period. Today, it remains an important fixture in Japanese culture. In fact, the koban coin often appears in pop-culture with beloved characters.

Rice Barrel Kumade

Common Kumade Decoration 5: Crane and Turtle

The Crane and Turtle are also popular in kumade decorations. As represented in a Japanese saying, “a crane lives 1,000 years, and a turtle lives 10,000 years,” they both symbolize longevity. In fact, the expression is fairly accurate as both the crane and turtle live much longer than other animals.

Common Kumade Decoration 6: Red Snapper

In the photo above, the Red snapper is under the bamboo leaves. Ebisu, one of the seven lucky gods, is always depicted holding a red snapper under his left arm. Thus the fish became a symbol of good fortune. According to Japanese culture, eating this lucking fish in its entirety brings good fortune. Its charm may also come from its striking red color. You may have noticed that bright red colors appear at most shrines and temples in Japan.

Owl Kumade

Common Kumade Decoration 7: Owls

The owl, a symbol of wisdom in Western culture, holds a special place in Japanese people’s hearts. The Japanese word for an owl is “Fukurou,” which not only includes the word “Fuku (happiness),” but also can be translated into “Fu (no)” “Kurou (suffering).”

Monkey Kumade Decoration
The next year being the year of the Monkey, a lot of monkey dolls liven up Kumade as well.

So there you have it. Kumade are packed full of symbolism and eye candy. They are often displayed near the entrances of offices and restaurants. When you happen to see them, try finding as many symbols of good luck you can. It’s like a little treasure hunt.

Japanese crafts may be better known for their wabi sabi aesthetics. But like many other cultures in the world, Japanese culture is multifaceted and diverse. Simplicity might bring peace and quiet, but embellishment might bring festivity and liveliness. Both are essential parts of Japanese design, and I find the juxtaposition very interesting.

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